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I have been researching Miura pattern origami as a structural solution for rapidly deployable structures. Miura ori are interesting as structures due to their ability to develop from a flat surface to a 3D form, and become fully rigid, with no degrees of freedom, once constrained at certain points. 141110_Year 2 working folio2 Physical and digital experiments with Miura Ori have taught me that certain topographies can be generated by developing a modified Miura pattern. With the help of Tomohiro Tachi’s excellent research on the subject of curved Miura ori, including his Freeform Origami simulator (http://www.tsg.ne.jp/TT/index.html) I have learned that Miura ori surfaces that curve in the X and Y axes can be generated by modifying the tessellating components, however these modifications require some flexibility in the material, or looseness of the hinges. 141110_Year 2 working folio6 As a system for a rapidly deployable structure, I am most interested in the potential for the modified Miura ori to work as a structure built with cheap, readily available sheet materials which are generally planar, so I will continue to develop this system as a rigid panel system with loose hinges that can be tightened after the structure is deployed. 141110_Year 2 working folio4 In order to test the crease pattern’s ability to form a curved surface, I have defined a component within the Miura pattern that can tessellate with itself. The radius of this component’s developed surface is measured as it is gradually altered.

With the objective being to develop a system for the construction of a rapidly deployable structure, I have also been interested in understanding the Miura ori’s characteristics as it is developed from flat. Physical and digital tests were performed to determine the system’s willingness to take on a curve as its crease angles decrease from flat sheet to fully developed. I found the tightest radius was achieved rapidly as the sheet was folded, with the radius angle reaching a plateau. This is interesting from the perspective of one with the desire to create a structure that has a predictable surface topography, as well as from a material optimisation standpoint; the target topography can be achieved without the wasteful deep creases of an almost fully developed Miura ori. 141110_Year 2 working folio5 With the learnings of the modified Miura ori tests in mind, a simple loose hinged cylinder is simulated. As the pattern returns on itself and is fastened, the degrees of freedom are removed and the structure is fully rigid. 141110_Year 2 working folio A physical model of the system was constructed with rigidly planar MDF panels and fabric hinges. The hinges were flexible enough to allow the hinge movement necessary in developing this particular modified Miura ori, however some of the panels’ corners peeled away from the fabric backing as the system was developed from flat. A subsequent test will seek to refine this hinge detail, with a view to creating a scalable construction detail that will allow sufficient flexibility during folding, as well as strength once in final position. 141110_Year 2 working folio3

John Konings

j.e.konings@gmail.com

First developed in 1979 by Dániel Erdély the Spidron is created by recursively dividing a 2-dimensional hexagon into triangles, forming a pattern that consists of one equilateral followed by one isosceles triangle. The resulting form is of six Spidron legs that, when folded along their edges, deform to create a 3-dimensional Spidron.

Spidron Nest

Spidron System_Parametrics_Lorna Jackson

Initial investigations into the Spidron system using paper resulted in irregular shapes that could not be predicted, and therefore replicated precisely. Progressing onto using rigid materials allowed the system to be broken down into six components, removing unnecessary triangulated fold lines, and developing latch folded Spidron that is precisely the same as that formed parametrically.

Spidron System_Three SPidrons_Lorna Jackson

This relationship between parametric and physical tests of component based Spidrons in both regular and irregular hexagons, as well as various other equal-sided shapes, has enabled the development of large scale models concluding thus far in a 1:2 scale version being built which will continue to be developed as a pavilion for submission to the Burning Man festival.

In parallel there has been an investigation into the system at a smaller scale allowing for the Spidron nest to be made as one component. In order to achieve the 3-dimensional Spidron form lattice hinges, also known as kerf folds, have been employed. Rigorous testing into the best cutting pattern have resulted in a straight line cutting pattern that allows for bending on multiple axis at once.

Developing this smaller scale system for submission to Buro Happold the intention is to create an arrayed system that is a conglomeration of both regular and irregular spidrons with varying depths and apertures that are able to integrate various display models etc. within.

We just finished Brief01:System/Sci-Fi and starting Brief02:Buro/Burn – Here are couple pictures of our last tutorials by Toby Burgess. Students will be uploading their systems on Monday on this blog!

Our Joyful DS10 Studio - Picture by Vlad Ignatescu

Our Joyful DS10 Studio – Picture by Vlad Ignatescu

Spirohedron by Lorna jackson

Spirohedron by Lorna jackson

Spirohedron by Lorna jackson

Spirohedron by Lorna jackson

Spirohedron by Lorna jackson

Spirohedron by Lorna jackson

Spirohedron by Lorna jackson

Spirohedron by Lorna jackson

Pyritohedrons by Sarah Stell

Pyritohedrons by Sarah Stell

Pyritohedrons by Sarah Stell

Pyritohedrons by Sarah Stell

Recursive Explosion by Aslan Adnan

Curved Kerf Folding by Garius Iu

Curved Kerf Folding by Garis Iu

Inversion Principle by Tom Jelley

Inversion Principle by Tom Jelley

Tom Jelley's Inversion Principle explained in a model

Tom Jelley’s Inversion Principle explained in a model

Miura-Ori studies by John KoningsJohn Konings rigid Miura Ori Origami

Recursive Reciprocal Structure by Irina Ghiuzan

Recursive Reciprocal Structure by Irina Ghiuzan

Tobias Power plotting complex numbers onb a vertical axis - Rheotomic Surface inspired by Daniel Piiker

Tobias Power plotting complex numbers onb a vertical axis – Rheotomic Surface inspired by Daniel Piiker

Jonathan Leung creating his own Bismuth Crystals

Jonathan Leung creating his own Bismuth Crystals

Esha Hashim's Fabric Tensegrity

Esha Hashim’s Fabric Tensegrity

Lianne Clarke's Reaction Diffusion Patterns on Acrylic

Lianne Clarke’s Reaction Diffusion Patterns on Acrylic

We had our final crit today! Great projects concluding our brief2B:Realize. Here are couple pictures. Thank you very much to our external critiques Daewha Kang (Associate Zaha Hadid Architects), Lawrence Friesen (GenGeo), Stephen Melville (Director Ramboll UK), James Solly (Buro Happold), Michael Clarke and to our colleagues Anna Liu and Roberto Botazzi.

Joe Leach's Burning Man Temple

Joe Leach’s Burning Man Temple

Joe Leach's Burning Man Temple

Joe Leach’s Burning Man Temple

Andrei Jippa's 3D printed fractal city

Andrei Jipa’s 3D printed fractal city

Andrei Jippa's 3D printed fractal city

Andrei Jipa’s 3D printed fractal city

Josh Haywood's Pop-Up Mosque in Trafalgar Square

Josh Haywood’s Pop-Up Mosque in Trafalgar Square

Garis Lu's Mont St-Michel's Chanting Bridge

Garis Lu’s Mont St-Michel’s Chanting Bridge

Lorna Jackson's Surreal Dali Museum

Lorna Jackson’s Surreal Dali Museum

Lorna Jackson's Surreal Dali Museum

Lorna Jackson’s Surreal Dali Museum

William Garforth-Bless'Bamboo Tower for the Damyang festival

William Garforth-Bless’Bamboo Tower for the Damyang festival

Charlotte Yates' London Fasion Festival Origami Catwalk

Charlotte Yates’ London Fasion Festival Origami Catwalk

Charlotte Yates' London Fasion Festival Origami Catwalk

Charlotte Yates’ London Fasion Festival Origami Catwalk

Sarah Stell's Zipped Building

Sarah Stell’s Zipped Building

Sarah Stell's Zipped Building

Sarah Stell’s Zipped Building

Georgia Collard-Watson's Burlesque Festival Pop-Up structure

Georgia Collard-Watson’s Burlesque Festival Pop-Up structure

Naomi Danos' joyful wall breaking media centre in Israel/Palestine

Naomi Danos’ joyful wall breaking media centre in Israel/Palestine

Jessica Beagleman's Kabbalah Centre

Jessica Beagleman’s Kabbalah Centre

George Guest's Fringe Festival Bridge

George Guest’s Fringe Festival Bridge

Sarah Shuttleworth's Promenade Concerts in Hyde Park

Sarah Shuttleworth’s Promenade Concerts in Hyde Park

Dhiren Patel's twisting hexagons bamboo structure for Durja Purja

Dhiren Patel’s twisting hexagons bamboo structure for Durja Purja

Mark Simpson's Artificial Diamond Funerarium

Mark Simpson’s Artificial Diamond Funerarium

Our studio is back after a month of holidays. Here are couple pictures from our tutorials today. Impressive progress from our students including a 3D printed potato-based fractal civilization (Andrei Jipa), a series of recursive bamboo structures for the Durga Puja festival (Dhiren Patel), an origami roof for the fashion week (Charlotte Yates), a spiky eco-retreat to meet the Sami people (Natasha Coutts), a temple for the Burning Man festival made of reciprocal plywood components (Joe Leach), a hypar tower for the Damyang Bamboo festival (William Garforth-Bless), a Pop-Up book drop pavilion (Ieva Ciocyte), a surreal Dali Museum in the Park (Lorna Jackson), a promenade concert in Hyde Park (Sarah Shuttleworth) and many more… We are so excited by the diversity of projects this year and the clear continuity between our brief2A and brief2B. Looking forward to the final crit on Thursday 15th May!

Andrei Jippa's Fractal 3D Printed Potato Civilization

Andrei Jipa’s Fractal 3D Printed Potato Civilization

Andrei Jippa's Fractal 3D Printed Potato Civilization

Andrei Jipa’s Fractal 3D Printed Potato Civilization

Andrei Jippa's Fractal 3D Printed Potato Civilization

Andrei Jipa’s Fractal 3D Printed Potato Civilization

Joe Leach's Burning Seed Temple for Burning Man

Joe Leach’s Burning Seed Temple for Burning Man

Joe Leach's Burning Seed Temple for Burning Man

Joe Leach’s Burning Seed Temple for Burning Man

Joe Leach's Burning Seed Temple for Burning Man

Joe Leach’s Burning Seed Temple for Burning Man

Ieva Ciocyte's Pop-Up Book drop Project

Ieva Ciocyte’s Pop-Up Book drop Project

Ieva Ciocyte's Pop-Up Book drop Project

Ieva Ciocyte’s Pop-Up Book drop Project

Lorna Jackson Dali Museum Latex Concrete Casting

Lorna Jackson Dali Museum Latex Concrete Casting

Lorna Jackson Dali Museum Latex Concrete Casting

Lorna Jackson Dali Museum Latex Concrete Casting

Dhiren Patels Recursive Bamboo Structures for Durga Puja

Dhiren Patels Recursive Bamboo Structures for Durga Puja

Natasha Coutts Sami Eco-Retreat

Natasha Coutts Sami Eco-Retreat

Natasha Coutts Sami Eco-Retreat

Natasha Coutts Sami Eco-Retreat

Natasha Coutts Sami Eco-Retreat

Natasha Coutts Sami Eco-Retreat

Charlotte Yates Fashion Week Recursive Origami Pavilion

Charlotte Yates Fashion Week Recursive Origami Pavilion

Charlotte Yates Fashion Week Recursive Origami Pavilion

Charlotte Yates Fashion Week Recursive Origami Pavilion

Sarah Shuttleworth promenade concert in Hyde Park

Sarah Shuttleworth promenade concert in Hyde Park

William Garforth-Bless Damyang Bamboo Festival Tower

William Garforth-Bless Damyang Bamboo Festival Tower

 

Philosophical Statement:

Inti: The Incan Sun God, his face portrayed as a gold disk from which rays and flames extended. Inti is the Sun and controls all that implies: warmth, light and sunshine. During the festival of Inti Ramyi, held during the Summer Solstice, Inti is celebrated with much drinking, singing and dancing - special statues are made of wood are burned at the end of the festival. This sculpture is an extended physical manifestation of this; decadent ritualism and a spiritual experience.

day1_edit copy copy copy

Inti incorporates 288 petals are self-assembled into 12 concentric rings, with each petal representing the hours of the day and each ring every month of the year. These are held together using mirror polished circular brackets, designed to catch the light and reflect circles of sunlight around the structure interior. Inti's focus is the sunrise; as the sun rises on the playa, Inti is designed to catch the light at this precise moment and funnel through the piece, enveloping and bathing the burners inside with it's warmth and spirit.

night_light copy1

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